Pedagogical beliefs and ICT Integration


Peda… pedag… pedagog-WHAT?!!! You may be someone who has never seen the word pedagogy before and wondering what is it and why is it important in schools?

According to, pedagogy is process of teaching. The term generally refers to strategies of instruction, or a style of instruction. So it comes from greek words παιδαγωγέω (paidagōgeō); in which παῖς (país, genitive παιδός, paidos) means “child” and άγω (ágō) means “lead”; so it literally means “to lead the child”.

Now pedagogy is never the same for everyone nor is it suppose to remain constant. The way that a teacher teaches changes as society evolves, especially as techonology advances into the digital age.

Teachers can’t remain using blackboards and chalk when there are interactive whiteboards, learning objects and smart phones around! Teachers need to evolve with these advancements and integrate ICT with their teaching.

Today in class we did a ‘speed dating activity’ to learn about pedagogical beliefs and ICT integration and the following points are what i leant:

  • Important points
    • We have technology in classrooms but the use of ICT is low – due to teacher’s pedagogical beliefs
    • We cannot expect teacher to change their teaching pedagogy to include technology without first considering their beliefs
      • If we want to increase teachers use of technology, we must first consider teacher’s current classroom practices
  • Three strategies for changing beliefs in technologies are:
    • Personal experiences
    • Vicarious experiences
    • Social cultural experiences
  • It is important to not only give teachers new technology but introduce how technology can already support their immediate needs (eg using videos to introduce the topic) – this will increase teacher confidence in using technology and over time use technology more
    • Take little steps in using technology so that teachers can integrate it more in the classroom
  • Students do not benefit from the technology alone
    • Students benefit more from teachers who know how to use the technology
    • President’s panel on educational technology 1997 p 47 “as schools continue to acquire more and better hardware and software, the benefit to students increasingly will depend on the skill with which some three million teachers are able to use these new tools”

I strongly believe in these of ICT in the classroom and that it should be integrating into all learning activities and in every learning area from math to science to languages and literature.

Critical review:

I believe that i am at an advantage because I grew up using technology and surfing the World Wide Web and during pract I have had the opportunity to use ICT in all area of the curriculum. Even though my classroom did not have an interactive whiteboard, there was once in the library or other classrooms that we were free to use. I would make my own presentations or there are literally millions online.

because it is visual and allows for student interaction, it was able to clearly present information in a student friendly way. If i did not have the experience of using an interactive whiteboard while on pract, I would be hesitant to use it when i go out into th workforce because i was not given the knowledge on how to use it or the ability to practice the skills necessary to use it confidently in th classroom.

I believe that all teachers, whether they have been teaching for 1 month to 20 years should be taught the skills necessary to properly use and integrate ICT in all areas of the classroom. The hardest thing about find resources on the internet is that it is so daunting to actually look for the resource and trial if it is good or not. the DET or school in general should organise the resources into the KLA or at the very least inform teachers where to find quality resources. Furthermore, if teachers decide to create their own presentations, there should be someone on hand or templates for teachers to use.

Teachers should also be given support and training to use the resource effectively and if the resource should break down (as technology tends to do), help should be readily accessible. A teacher does not need to rely on technology to make a good lesson but it is where education is heading towards. Sometimes, you need that little bit of extra to make an ordinary lesson extraordinary.


– P. A. Ertmer (2005); Article: “Teacher pedagogical beliefs: The final frontier in our quest for technology integration” pg 25-35.

– Brown, M. (2005). Article: “The growth of enterprise pedagogy: How ICT policy is infected by neo-liberalism” pg 16-20.




About samoberle

This is a blog about ICT in education!
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